Change the world

Journal for Development and Leadership

Volume 1, Number 1


 

The impact of flooding disasters during 2000 and 2007 on food security in Mozambique and Zambia during 2000 and 2007
Snow, B. and Albertsen, J.R.

Flooding has been attributed to climate change and climate variability which, according to predictions, will affect the future food security of populations across Africa. Climate change has already had a great impact on the natural environment, affecting agriculture and fishing – and so influencing the availability of food. However it is not flooding only, but also political, social and economic elements that can influence food security. This paper therefore uses a holistic approach to subjects relating to development and climate change, in order to achieve a vision of sustainable development and thereby the long-term protection of human security.

The paper examines the influence of flooding on food security in Mozambique and Zambia in 2000 and 2007. Using existing statistics, the investigation also includes an exploration of the causes, consequences and management of flooding. The destruction of structures, assets and infrastructure resulting from flood disasters was found to have increased the inhabitants’ vulnerability to food insecurity. However with careful management, planning and adaptation, the undesirable consequences of extreme weather events can be mitigated or prevented. Mozambique and Zambia appear to be geared towards overcoming the problems associated with climate change and extreme weather events, thus demonstrating that they are committed to the development process.

Keywords: adaptation, Africa, agriculture, aid agency, climate change, development, disaster management, disease, displacement, emergency relief, extreme weather events, fishing, flooding, food security, government, health, mitigation, Mozambique, risk reduction, Zambia